Home > News > “Godfather of Helvetica,” Mike Parker: 1929-2014

“Godfather of Helvetica,” Mike Parker: 1929-2014

mikeparkerMike Russell Parker, legendary typographer, type designer and type historian, has died at the age of 85. Credited with the development of over 1,100 typefaces, Parker is perhaps best known for introducing Helvetica to the world.

As director of the Mergenthaler Linotype Company, Parker was a fan of the “rational” Swiss style of letter design, in which, he said, “you draw the counters and let the black fall where it will.” reports Fast Company. Parker and his team took the font Neue Haas Grotesk and reworked it for Linotype’s machines, The font eventually became known as Helvetica, one of the most popular fonts in the world (used by McDonald’s, Verizon, NYC subway signs, and NASA, to name a tiny fraction). In 2007, the year of the font’s 50th anniversary, it was celebrated and strangely debated in the critically acclaimed documentary Helvetica and was the subject of the Museum of Modern Art’s exhibition 50 Years of Helvetica.

Parker was born in London and originally planned to become a geologist like his father, but then decided to become a painter, but discovered he was colorblind. He graduated from Yale with an undergraduate degree in architecture and master’s in design. After working at Linotype, he co-founded Bitstream, the first company dedicated to producing digital fonts, according to CNN.com. He also founded Pages Software and served as historian for the Font Bureau. Parker died on Sunday, four days after suffering a stroke, after a long fight with Alzheimer’s. According to his caregiver and ex-wife, his ashes will be scattered at his family home in Massachusetts, without a tombstone.


Photo via typophile.com

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

3 Responses

  1. Don Q

    Sorry to split hairs, but… Mike Parker was a typographic giant, however his obituaries are giving the false impression that he invented the ubiquitous Helvetica typeface. Eduard Hoffmann and Max A. Miedinger of the Haas foundry invented and debuted the font Neue Haas Grotesk in 1957. At Linotype Parker and his team adapted the font to the limitations of the Linotype typesetting machines, then the industry standard. At the same time they rebranded the font as Helvetica. The obit info given is correct but spins a little too much credit Parker’s way. Many type historians believe some of the compromises Parker introduced actually diminished the distinct qualities of the original, even as his version popularized the font. The respected foundry Font Bureau reintroduced a digital version in 2011 more closely based on Neue Haas Grotesk and restoring its name. The full history of Helvetica, in detail, is here on their site:

  2. Paula Newton

    Don: Although I did see one web site actually refer to Parker as the inventor of Helvetica (can you “invent” a font?), I did keep it a bit vague for the sake of brevity. But I forgot about the possibility that you might read this. Or maybe I was counting on it, for your always insightful additional facts. Thanks, Mr. Q!

Leave a Reply

Funding generously provided by: